Geography of the Western Hemisphere

Posted on October 4, 2014


Here is what we will be covering over the next several weeks in Social Studies. This review guide will help you to know what to focus on as we progress through the unit.

Mental Mapping Guidelines
6 – G1.1.2: Draw a sketch map from memory of the Western Hemisphere showing the major regions (Canada, United States, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Caribbean).
Geographic Items to Include:
 Basic latitude markings – one required
 Regions outlined and named – six required
 Bodies of water labeled – one ocean required; one sea required; one bay required; one gulf required; two rivers required; two lakes required
 Mountains – two required
 Rainforests – two required
 Deserts – two required
 Countries – five required

Also Include:
 Map title
 Compass rose
 Key or legend
 Color
6 – G1.3.1: Use the fundamental themes of geography (location, place, human environment interaction, movement, region) to describe regions or places on earth. See also 7 – G1.3.1.
“How has geography influenced the way people live in the Western Hemisphere?”
Create both a visual image or images on the front which represent key features of the geography of their region and a written message on the back which describes what it is like living in that region. Students plan how to create the postcard by making a rough draft. They need to consider and include the following in their illustration:
 description of the physical features predominant in the region
 types of ecosystems, climate, and vegetation
 how humans have modified the environment
Review all vocabulary terms in your learning log.
Human Environment Interaction in the Western Hemisphere
Be able to explain how people have adapted to living in different environments
6 – G4.3.1: Identify a place in the Western Hemisphere that have been modified to be suitable for settlement by describing the modifications that were necessary (e.g., Vancouver in Canada; irrigated agriculture; or clearing of forests for farmland).

Be able to explain why people choose to live in certain ecosystems
6 – G3.2.2: Identify ecosystems and explain why some are more attractive for humans to use than are others (e.g., mid-latitude forest in North America, high latitude of Peru, tropical forests in Honduras, fish or marine vegetation in coastal zones).
Natural Hazards
Explain the impact that natural hazards have on the way people live.
6 – G1.2.4: Describe the effects that a change in the physical environment could have on human activities and the choices people would have to make in adjusting to the change (e.g., drought in northern Mexico, disappearance of forest vegetation in the Amazon, natural hazards and disasters from volcanic eruptions in Central America and the Caribbean and earthquakes in Mexico City and Colombia). See also 7 – G5.2.1
Population Density
Describe why people began settling where they did in the Western Hemisphere.
6 – G4.3.2: Describe patterns of settlement by using historical and modern maps (e.g., coastal and river cities and towns in the past and present, locations of megacities – modern cities over 5 million, such as Mexico City, and patterns of agricultural settlements in South and North America).
Human Characteristics
Identify the human characteristics of a region
6 – G2.2.1: Describe the human characteristics of the region under study (including languages, religion, economic system, governmental system, cultural traditions).
Landforms, Weather, and Climate
Describe the landforms, weather, and climate of a region using a map or atlas.
6 – G2.1.1: Describe the landform features and the climate of the region (within the Western or Eastern Hemispheres) under study.

Review Guide

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